Skip to main content

Metode Studi Kasus

Studi Kasus Sebagai Stategi Penelitian
Studi kasus, seperti yang dirumuskan Robert K. Yin (2008;1), merupakan sebuah metode yang mengacu pada penelitian yang mempunyai unsur how dan why pada pertanyaan utama penelitiannya dan meneliti masalah-masalah kontemporer (masa kini) serta sedikitnya peluang peneliti dalam mengontrol peritiswa (kasus) yang ditelitinya.
Studi kasus merusuatu inkuiri empiris yang menyelidiki fenomena di dalam konteks kehidupan nyata, bilamana batas-batas antara fenomena dan konteks tak tampak dengan tegas, dan dimana multisumber dimanfaatkan. (Yin, 2008:18)
Studi kasus sendiri, menurut Robert K.Yin dibagi kedalam tiga tipe yakni studi kasus eksplanatoris, eksploratoris dan deskriptif. Ketiga tipe ini berdasarkan kepada jenis dan tujuan dari pertanyaan penelitian.

Lebih lanjut, K. Yin Menjelaskan bahwa studi kasus memungkinkan peneliti untuk mempertahankan karakteristik holistik dan bermakna dari peristiwa-peristiwa kehidupan nyata seperti sirklus kehidupan nyata. Penjelasan ini menjadi landasan bahwa studi kasus memiliki karakteristik penelitian kualitatif dimana adanya latar alamiah.
Studi kasus memiliki perbedaan dengan strategi penelitian lainnya seperti metode historis ataupun eksperimen. Adapun perbedaannya dapat dilihat pada table dibawah ini:
Perbedaan Studi Kasus dengan Metode Lainnya
Strategi Bentuk pertanyaan penelitian Membutuhkan kontrol terhadap peristiwa Fokus terhadap peristiwa kontemporer
Eksperimen Survei Bagaimana, mengapa ya ya
Analisis Arsip (mis.dlm.std.ekon) Siapa, apa, dimana, berapa banyak tidak ya
Histori Bagaimana, mengapa tidak ya/tidak
Studi Kasus Bagaimana, mengapa tidak ya
Sumber: K.Yin (2008:8)
Desain Studi Kasus
1. Desain Kasus Tunggal
K. Yin mengatakan bahwa rasional untuk kasus tunggal adalah bilamana desain studi kasus tunggal bisa dibenarkan dalam kondisi-kondisi sebagai berikut :
  • Kasus tersebut mengetengahkan suatu uji penting tentang teori yang penting
  • Merupakan suatu peristiwa yang langka atau unik
  • Bertujuan dengan tujuan penyingkapan
Desain kasus tunggal berdasarkan unit analisisnya dibagi kedalam dua macam, diantaranya :
  • Desain studi kasus tunggal holistik : yaitu jika hanya dalam satu kasus yang diteliti hanya menganalisis sebuah persoalan pokok dimana tidak bisa diindentifikasikan kedalam sub-sub lainnya.
  • Desain studi kasus tunggal terjalin : menggunakan unit multi analisis
2. Desain Multikasus
Desain multikasus berdasarkan unit analisisnya dibagi kedalam dua macam, diantaranya :
  • Desain Multikasus Holistik : yaitu terdiri dari beberapa kasus namun hanya satu hal yang diteliti
  • Desain Multikasus Terjalin : yaitu terdiri dari beberapa kasus dan beberapa unit analisis
Deni Andriana
Sumber Pustaka :
  • Yin, Robert K. 2008. Studi Kasus : Desain dan Metode. Jakarta : Rajawali Pers.

Popular posts from this blog

Demand for Fresh Recruits in SAP-ISU

The popularity of SAP in diverse fields is unquestionable. This can be attributed to SAP-ISU or the Industry Specific Solutions that it provides for the Utilities industry.  It is alternatively known as the SAP IS-U/CCS or the Customer Care System. These solutions can be used for varied processes and functions. These include:
The calculation of prices and quotationsChecking and processing of incoming bills for the sake of grid usageManagement of the load profiles, distributors and points of deliveryProviding and exchanging data for settlement coordinators and distributorsManagement of distributor outline contracts and energy supply contractsBillingRegistration of schedules in a timely mannerCreating the technical framework necessary for energy supply SAP offers companies that compete in the deregulated energy market, a standard and comprehensive billing and customer information system. This is known as the SAP Utilities/Customer Care System. SAP has drastical…

Buy IPhone Got Pear Phone

Reporting from Shanghaiist.com, a woman named Zhao from Wuxi, China got a surprise while shopping online. Initially, Zhao ordered a famous American smartphone, IPhone to one of the online sellers in China. ⠀ Zhao transferred to the seller for a price of 3,400 RMB or equivalent to IDR 6,873,000. But unexpectedly, the seller suddenly sent a short message, if HP Zhao confiscated customs. ⠀ "The seller asked me to transfer the money as much as 5,000 RMB for customs," he said from Shanghaiist. ⠀ Not long after transfers to a total of 8,400 RMB or equivalent to IDR 16,981,000, he also received the long-awaited package. Thee package received Zhao is not a smartphone made by Apple as expected, but a smartphone with a pear logo. ⠀ Realizing he was a victim of fraud, Zhao immediately reported to the police. Apparently the seller is already a local police fugitive related cases of similar fraud. (Liputan6)

Reasons to hire app developer for your business, NOW!!

example : Denaihati Network  make app for boost their business and the Traffic THINK ABOUT IT !
So you set up a business at a very early age and have gone through lots of ups and downs and now after years of hard work your business is finally showing results and you are earning quite satisfactory! Your business has a website, active in social media and loved by its customers,  What’s next? With one more step you can make your business even more popular and beneficial. How? By creating an app for it.
Apps is the future, it’s the present, t here is an app for everything! Let me share you few reasons why you should consider creating an app for your business:
Stay Connected with your audience 24 x 7 : When your customer has an app they can stay connected to you, finding your business on Google might be difficult because of high competition but finding you in app store could be really easy as the competition is very limited over there. Once your audience is there, and they like your app, you …